In weather study, most weather phenomena are called ‘Meteors’. This where the term Meteorology comes from.
The International Cloud Atlas gives the definition as :
”A Meteor is a phenomenon, other than a cloud, observed in the atmosphere, or on the surface of the Earth, which consists of a precipitation, a suspension or a deposit of aqueous or non-aqueous liquid or solid particles, or a phenomenon of the nature of an optical or electrical manifestation”.
Wow! Fantastic stuff!
Meteors are actually classified into four groups.
There are also Other Phenomena not in these groups.weather station